This page is designed to answer questions you may have about small cells and 5G (including use of spectrum such as millimetre-wave).
The concerns over 5G
The health impacts of wireless communications and small cells
Small cells transmit very low levels of radio waves (also known as radiofrequency electromagnetic fields). The safety of radio waves has been extensively studied for more than 60 years and the research is subject to constant and continual review by government health agencies and independent standards setting bodies round the world. Operators of 5G and small cell installations are closely monitored to ensure operations remain with the stringent safety guidelines in place for the industry. These guidelines are regularly reviewed and compliance is continually monitored.
International health authorities have found no convincing scientific evidence that radiofrequency signals from wireless communications pose any adverse health effects.
Cross industry research
The links below provide a wide-ranging set of references so that you can better understand the work that has been completed by the healthcare industry, governments, industry associations, universities and independent researchers, as well as operators.
We believe you will find this to be a useful tool to understand the safety of 5G and the associated equipment and spectrum.
Health Care Industry Links
Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Do cell phones cause cancer?
National Cancer Institute: Cell Phones and Cancer Risk
US Food & Drug Administration: Statement from Jeffrey Shuren, M.D., J.D., Director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health on the National Toxicology Program’s report on radiofrequency energy exposure
American Cancer Society: Cellular phone towers
World Health Organisation: Electromagnetic fields and public health
Norwegian Institute of Public Health: Low-level radiofrequency electromagnetic fields – an assessment of health risks and evaluation of regulatory practice
ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority): “All mobile phone base stations, including small cells and 5G base stations, must stay within the safe EME levels.”
Government of Canada: Everyday things that emit radiation.
European Commission (May 2019): “Protection of public health is of a paramount importance and is always taken into account in the Commission’s proposals and initiatives, including those on 5G. In particular, the strict and safe exposure limits for electromagnetic fields recommended at EU level by Council Recommendation 1999/519/EC on the exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields apply for all frequency bands currently envisaged for 5G.”
Australia ARPANSA (Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency) (June 2019): “Contrary to some claims, there are no established health effects from the radio waves that the 5G network uses.”
European Commission.: Potential health effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF).
Industry Association Links
Federal Communications Commission: Resolution of notice of inquiry, second report and order, notice of proposed rulemaking and memorandum opinion and order
Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association: What the expert community tells us
World health Organisation and International Telecommunication Union recommend human exposure guidelines developed by International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). The ICNIRP guidelines are designed to provide protection to all people (including children) against all established health hazards
GSMA leaflet: Safety of 5G mobile networks
GSMA: Health Booklet
5GIC University of Surrey: Allaying health concerns regarding 5G and exposure to radio waves
EMF-Portal (research database): WTH Aachen University summarizes systematically scientific research data on the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF)